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Many forms of hyperpigmentation are caused by an excess production of melanin and your level depends largely on race and exposure to sunlight.
Melanin is produced by melanocytes at the lower layer of the epidermis. Melanin is a class of pigment responsible for producing colour in the body in places such as the eyes, skin, and hair. As the body ages, melanocyte(pigment cell) activity, and where concentrations of the cells are denser than surrounding areas, hyperpigmentation is occur. Hormonal misbalance increases the activity of the Melanin-Stimulating-Hormone (MSH) which trigger the melanocyte to produce significant amounts of melanin which can result in pigmentation disorders.
Hyperpigmentation can be diffused or local, affecting such areas as the face, neck, decollete and back of the hands. Production increases with exposure to the sun as it attempts to protect the skin against harmful ultraviolet rays. Pigmentation is really a chain reaction in response to damage being inflicted to our skin. Many forms of hyperpigmentation are caused by an excess production of melanin. Hyperpigmentation can also be caused by using poorly formulated topical creams.
Epidermal (superficial) is best known as Post-Inflammatory Hyper Pigmentation (PIH), and usually close to the skin’s surface. This occurs following acne or trauma to the skin resulting in excess melanin production caused by inflammation and UV exposure. It may also be cause by irritants such as benzoyl peroxide in skincare or topical medications that sensitizes the skin to sunlight.
Mixed Epidermal/Dermal is found in the deeper dermal layers and the result of possible inflammatory, hormonal and UV/sun stimulation.
Chloasma (sometimes referred mask of pregnancy) is generally caused by hormone imbalances as a result of medication or pregnancy, resulting in the skin becoming overly sensitive to UV exposure.
Melasma presents as brow patches on the face of adult and some adolescents. Most commonly affected areas are the cheeks, bridge of nose, forehead, and upper lip. Often women who take contraceptive pills or have an IUD fitted develop this type of pigmentation. It can become more prominent if the skin is exposed to sunlight; hence often worsens during summer.
Pigmentation can be very difficult to treat effectively as the causes can be from so many different underlying reasons. While pigmentation often can be prevented simply by avoiding UV exposure, sometimes it cannot be avoided. Cellular health is very important to improving the condition and a dietary intake of essential fatty acids such as Omega 3 & 6 are beneficial. Protection from UV exposure is of the utmost importance.
DISCOVER THE "DERMA DELUXE" FACIAL
Suitable for skin of all ages with hyper-pigmentation and/or uneven skin tone and is designed to improve skin tone and colour by decreasing misplaced and excessive melanin production.
Perfumes and essential oils in conjunction with UV exposure-particularly Bergamot
Fruit acid or chemical peels in conjunction with UV exposure
Incorrect use of IPL and Lasers
Some medications including the contraceptive pill
Hormonal fluctuations such as menopause
Pigmentation post acne
Trauma to the skin (post inflammatory pigmentation)
Vitamins A, C and D deficiency
CORRECT SKINCARE & TREATMENTS
Step 1- Investing in time for your initial skin consultation will give us understand your skin concerns,
identify the contributing factors, your needs and goals.
Step 2 – Follow up with a skin assessment to reveal its true condition, and disclose any hiddenissues before they come to the surface.
Step 3 – I will present you with honest feedback, a range of appropriate treatment plan and customized
skin care specific to your skin needs, and explain the results you can expect. I also guide you on improving
and maintaining your results through diet and nutrition.
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